Macron's campaign, headed by French economist Sophie Ferracci, announced in December 2016 that it had raised 3. 7 million euros in donations without public funding (as En marche wasn't a registered political party).  This was three times the budget of then-front runner Alain Juppé.  Macron came under criticism from several individuals, including Benoît Hamon who requested Macron reveal a list of his donors accusing him of conflicts of interest due to Macron's past at Rothschilds.  Macron replied to this, calling Hamon's behavior "demagogic. " It was later reported by journalists Marion L'Hour and Frédéric Says that Macron had spent €120,000 on setting up dinners and meetings with various personalities within the media and in French popular culture while he was minister.  Macron was then accused by deputies, Christian Jacob and Philippe Vigier of using this money to further the representation of En Marche in French political life.  Michel Sapin, his successor and Minister of Economy saw nothing illegal about Macron's actions saying that Macron had the right to spend the funds.  Macron said in response to these allegations that it was "defamatory" and that none of the ministerial budget had been spent on his party.